Types of Teaching Strategies and Applications
Teaching strategies in the classroom must be taking seriously if children are to receive a quality education. An instructor must have an effective repertoire of teaching strategies available for various learning situations.
Students can become bored easily if teaching strategies or techniques are not changed from time to time. The more classroom teachers can utilize various teaching strategies, the more students will appreciate classroom instructions. Several effective teaching strategies are available.
One teaching strategy is the lecture, a technique consisting of introducing material in a logical and direct manner. Lectures rarely offer students an opportunity for open discussions. Although the instructor uses illustrations, examples, and graphics, the students remain passive in the classroom. Such techniques is useful for teaching large groups and when introducing a new subject.
The classroom discussion is another teaching strategy that teachers can utilize. Discussion allows all participates to get involved, especially after a speech, or movie or any other subject that needs to be analyzed. The instructor must design an outline and carefully plan the discussion. However, this method could be time-consuming and some students may be able to dodge participation.
Role playing is a teaching strategy the can be used to educate students in the classroom. Students introduce a situation issue dramatically in a corporative classroom setting. The goal of the role-playing technique is to understand and appreciate the point of view of other people as well as to discover solutions to problems. Instructor or student facilitating must be given the appropriate instructions. However, this method might cause some student to feel self-conscious.
Collaborative learning is another teaching strategy in the classroom. Students can divide into separate groups for assignments. This is cooperate learning. Student facilitators introduce and discuss complex questions dealing with a subject such as science, economic or social studies. Each student reads and then discusses the questions and search for a resolution.
Computers and Videos
Computers and video tapes are popular devices for learning. Teachers can use them to educate students on nearly all subjects. Computers and videos are entertaining devices designed to engage students on a visual level. The technological devices will keep students’ overall attention as well as inspire their thinking. An instructor must set up the equipment and prepare assessment questions.
Other teaching strategies involve field trips, classroom projects, and independent assignments that require one or two students to spend significant time outside the classroom.